Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) patients suffer from excessive, unrealistic worry that lasts through six months or more; the issues could be health, money, career problems, or just about anything. Its symptoms could include trembling, muscular aches, insomnia/sleep disorders, abdominal upsets, dizziness, irritability a
nd poor concentration.
Besides excessive worry and allied physical symptoms, Anxiety Disorder also encompasses
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Panic Disorder
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Social Anxiety Disorder
- Other specific phobias e.g. acrophobia, arachnophobia etc.
The various biological, psychological, and social factors that may cause Anxiety Disorder include:
- Brain chemistry
- Life experiences
- Anxiety Disorders cost the USA more than $42 billion a year, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
- More than $22.84 billion is spent on the repeated use of healthcare services, as those with Anxiety Disorders suffer physical symptoms as well
- People with Anxiety Disorders are three to five times more likely to need treatment/ hospitalization for psychiatric disorders.
Anxiety Disorder: The Modern View
Anxiety Disorders are treated with psychosocial therapies (including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), exposure therapy, anxiety management and relaxation therapies and general psychotherapy). Medication includes selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants, benzodiazepines, beta-blockers, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs).
Ayurvedic treatment of Anxiety Disorder
Ayurveda, which takes a comprehensive view of an individual’s physical, emotional and spiritual conditions, attributes anxiety disorder symptoms to aggravated prana vata, a subsidiary of vata dosha which is associated with worry, anxiety and depression. Prana vata weakens the nervous system and triggers mental imbalance. It also weakens the neuro-hormonal system and nerve impulses. Ayurvedic treatment of anxiety disorder would involve curbing aggravated prana vata and increasing sattva guna, which envisages a stable and peaceful mind through self-realization and self-control, and appropriate changes in diet and lifestyle.