Oligospermia refers to a condition in which the semen has a low concentration of sperm and is a common finding in male infertility. A male is said to have this condition if he ejaculates less than 20 million sperm per milliliter.
- Obstruction of the normal flow of sperm due to such conditions as testicular trauma and vasectomy.
- Scarring due to surgery on the male reproductive system or from infection
and sexually transmitted diseases.
- Decrease in sperm production due to such conditions as Varicoceles (Varicose
veins around the testes), hormonal disorders, diseases of the testicles,
smoking, drug or alcohol use, some medications, exposure to some toxins,
malnutrition and being underweight.
- Some sexually transmitted diseases, such as Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
In Ayurveda, Oligospermia is compared to Napunsakata (impotency). It
has four main causative factors – beejopghat (decrease in sperm quantity),
old age and kshaj (excessive loss of shukra dhatu or reproductive
tissue). The dosha involved in this condition is Pitta, which
when imbalanced, leads to the loss of shukra.
Diet & Lifestyle Advice
Have sex less often – the more times you exclaim, the less dense your semen
will be. Maintain a gap of three days between two consecutive ejaculations.
Refrain from habits like smoking, alcohol consumption, etc. – Alcohol affects
your liver function, which, in turn, causes a dramatic rise in estrogen
levels. Even two drinks a day will have long-term effects on sperm production.
Take a diet that’s low in fat and high in protein – vegetables and whole
grains are good for your reproductive health.
Avoid bitter, astringent and spicy foods. Reduce caffeine intake.
Avoid heat of testicles – wear loose, cotton boxer shorts, avoid hot baths
Lose any excess weight, which tends to cause testosterone/estrogen imbalance.
Reduce stress levels by knowledge relaxation techniques – keep your mind
and body fit with the help of yoga and meditation.
Massage body with ksheerbala oil, which improves blood circulation.
Some Home Remedies
Boil 1 teaspoonful of garlic paste in 1 glassful of milk for 15-20 minutes
on low flame. Have this preparation once in a day.
2 dried dates, 2 almonds, 2 pistachio and ¼ teaspoonful of quince
seeds with a glassful of milk at bedtime.
Have 1 teaspoonful each of licorice root powder, honey and purified butter
twice a day with a glassful of milk.