Migraine is an intense throbbing pain which usually affects one side of the head, gradually spreading to the neck and around the eyes. It compels the sufferer to withdraw from the world and stay confined in a dark, quiet place. The pain results from inflamed blood vessel in the brain which put pressure on the surrounding nerves.
Rest Your Mind and Body: Take leave from all your work and resign to a calm and relaxed state of mind. Moving around worsens the pain. If a bed is accessible, lie down and try to take a nap. If not, sit in a quiet environment and meditate.
Dim light, soft music: Avoid going out in the sun. Darken the room and cut the sound as bright light and noise can aggravate migraine. If you wish, play soft music. It will soothe the mind and divert your thoughts from concentrating on the enormity of the pain.
Get a Massage: Request a family member to pamper you with a head massage, especially on the forehead and neck which hurt the most during migraine. Although bhringraj, eucalyptus, almond and coconut oil are the best, any hot oil will be good. Massage has a calming effect on the nervous system. It relaxes the nerves and blood vessels bringing relaxation and relief.
Tie a Knot: Tie something on your forehead tightly. It should be tight enough to put pressure around the head. It will reduce the flow of blood in the swollen vessels and relieve the pain.
Heat Treatment: Soak your feet or hands in hot water to which a little mustard powder has been added. Heat expands blood vessels in the soaked area. This pulls in more blood to the area, thus reducing pressure on blood vessels in the head. This helps reduce the headache.
Cold Pack: Migraine pain might be reduced significantly by applying a cold pack on the affected area. Put a few ice-cubes in an ice bag or in a clean piece of cloth and press it on your head. the cold will numb the pain, constricting the inflamed blood vessels, thus minimizing the pressure on the nerves.
From Palms to Eyes: Rub your palms vigorously till they are warm. Close your eyes and place your palms over them. Feel the transfer of heat from your hands to the eyes. Heating will relax the pressure around the eyes. You can also place wet peppermint tea bags on your eyes to get relief from pain.
Water Therapy: At the first sign of migraine, start drinking water. Adding lemon and honey is beneficial. Water keeps the body hydrated and will eventually reduce the pain. Lemon is very powerful and effective in reducing the intensity of pain. Avoid aerated drinks or alcohol as they tend to dehydrate the body.
Watch Your Posture: Try to keep your neck straight. Avoid an inverted pose or bending the head down. In reclining posture, avoid placing a pillow beneath your head. Instead you can use it to press the head.
Coffee Power: Drinking a cup of strong coffee is helpful. Many painkillers also contain caffeine as it can provide relief from the pain. However, opt for natural alternatives as much as possible.
Cure in a tea cup: Ginger has an anti-inflammatory qualities. As soon as you feel the onset of migraine, start drinking ginger tea. Add cloves and cinnamon to elevate its healing effects. A cup of rosemary tea or strong black tea is also helpful relieving pain.
Aromatherapy: Sweet, fresh and soothing aromas pacify the Pitta Dosha, the imbalance of which causes migraine. Lie down in a cool, dark and quiet room filled with the aroma of pitta soothing fragrances such as peppermint, honeysuckle, jasmine, rose, gardenia, sandalwood, saffron, iris, lavender, lemon grass, plumeria, lily, lotus, saffron, wormwood, lemon balm or vetivert.
Steam Inhalation: Steam inhalation is quite relaxing in headaches. Boil water in a large bowl and pour three-four teaspoon of plain vinegar or apple cider vinegar in it. Cover your head with a towel and inhale the steam. Steam inhalation removes any blockages thus relieving the pain.
Crush it with Paste: Make a paste of any of the following and apply on the affected area: Sandalwood, ginger, lemon crust, beetle leaves, garlic, guava, black pepper, cinnamon, clove, rice, almond, lavender flowers or bhringaraj. These render a cooling effect and are very effective in eliminating pain.
Juice it up: Consuming fresh juice of fruits and vegetables, particularly grapes, guava, carrots, cucumber, lemon, ginger, spinach, parsley, celery or beet helps calm the headache.