The success of your organic garden depends on making healthy garden soil. The more you can do to keep your soil healthy, the more productive your garden will be and the higher the quality of your crops. Plants need nutrition to grow; they don’t survive only on water and soil, to make soil more fertile we need to increase organic matter and mineral availability of soil.
I feed my soil with nutrients from natural and local sources, so that diversity of the microbes and other organisms that live in the soil will increase. Quality ingredients are key to making healthy potting soil. Here are the ingredients you should look for.
For homemade potting soil mixtures, garden soil adds density and is a cheap source of bulk. Don’t use soil that contains pesticides, chemical fertilizer residues or other environmental pollutants. Using your farm’s topsoil is best. Solarize the soil first by covering the pile with clear, plastic sheeting for at least four to six weeks to kill weed seeds, pests and pathogens.
Composting is nature’s process of recycling decomposed organic materials into a rich soil known as compost. To gardeners, compost is considered “black gold” because of its many benefits in the garden. Adding compost improves the water holding capacity of the soil and increases its ability to hold nutrients.
Many of us approach composting as a way to control household waste. And while minimizing waste is one significant benefit of composting. Composting is a good way to recycle leaves and other yard waste. Instead of paying someone to haul away yard waste, you can compost the leaves and return the nutrients to your garden. Save money and make your own compost!
This is made from coconut husks and has excellent water retention capacity so that your garden soil retains more moisture for the plants. Converting coco-peat blocks to coir dust is easy. All you need to do is add water to the block and the block will puff up into moist fluffy coco peat. Just add sufficient water to the block to make sufficient quantity of moist coco-peat.
Coco coir is strongly recommended in organic gardens. It is resistant to bacterial and fungal growth. And it has aeration capacity which helps to faster growth of roots
One of the most amazing benefits of cow dung is that it can be used as a fertilizer. Unknown to most people, cow manure is one of the most effective types of natural fertilizers. Application of cow dung to the soil to increase its productivity is an age-old agricultural practice, and it is still being used in some parts of the world today with very good results. Cow dung can help to improve the overall quality of the soil, which helps to improve the quality, quantity, taste and appearance of your crops. According to studies, cow manure can even help to improve the productivity of some of the poorest types of soil.
The sand used in construction, also referred to as river sand, is sieved to get rid of larger pieces. Adding sand prevents the potting mix from becoming too clayey, and helps the mix to be well drained. Like coco-peat, sand has no nutritional value.
HOW TO MAKE POT MIX
Commercial pre-packaged potting soils are widely available at nursery and garden supply stores, but you can also make your own potting mix at home. It allows you to develop a soil mixture suited specifically to your organic garden.
If you have soil and compost, you’ve got the basic ingredients for making your own potting soil, you can simply combine your best soil with compost in a ratio about half to half and add a cup of cow dung powder.
Mix the expanded coco-peat with leaf mould or in the ratio of 1:1. Add sand in small quantities for large plants, otherwise the coco-peat will not be able to hold the weight of the plants as they grow, gradually make the transition to what potting soil should be — a simple, nurturing medium for growing healthy plants or starting seeds.
I think of it like baking a cake – each of the ingredients plays an important function. In a typical cake mix, there are wet and dry ingredients, those that bind it together and make it rise. If an ingredient is missing, you can’t expect successful results!
When you enrich soil with organic matter it’s time to determine what you’d like to grow, there are many medicinal herbs and vegetables considered to be the easiest to grow in your garden. will discuss that on upcoming days. Stay tuned!